Published on 2015- 2016
THE EURASIAN SILK ROAD
The axis of the integration of men in the humanity is made of scattered points, of which the most visible points help the building of the human civilization history. The marks of civilizations or of civilization are memories of great moments of contacts or relationships lasting between communities and peoples. If the ideal of the integration of humankind is a utopia, at least the co-operation between people is a reality that can be evaluated. The average measurement here is the sustainability of the solutions. In all cases, the commitment to the construction of a humanity that is sustainable is a global reality. This is what attempt to study the political science and geopolitics at the national and global levels.
These disciplines must deal with the consequences of the historical realities such as identities, initial community, imperialism, slavery, colonization, and moments of contacts or of fruitful relations between the peoples. “The Silk road", in this spirit was a major reference in the history of fruitful relations between different peoples. The fact that this concept that was activated in the second century before Jesus-Christ and which had been released almost six centuries ago, is back again in the agenda of today's geopolitics deserves it to be specially observed by researchers, since historical analysis of facts help to understand them better, in order to avoid any mistake if new generations want to experiment the same reality. This why we are going to observe and analyze that phenomenon of the Eurasian silk road to see how it worked in the past on the one hand, and on the other hand, we are going to how this very fruitful experience in international relations, needs to be rethought, taking account the new capitalist global environment.
I. The first silk road
Activated in the second century before Jesus-Christ, the first silk road will live up to the Fifteenth century. Obviously, it was a sustainable project. Then through analyses it gives the signals of a type of particular co-integrated expansionism that humanity whose goal is the prosperity and sustainable peace for all, really needs.
According to what is reported, emperors of the former China were punishing with death any citizen who was attempting to export the silk. Trough common sense, this ban was lifted, and almost twelve centuries later, the city of Xi'an became the center of the world. It is very important to note that there was silk worldwide, but the Chinese one was of exceptional quality.
What is called “The Silk road", was in fact a network of tracks crossing the whole continental Europe and Asia by means of caravans of exceptional camels and horses. Aside of these exceptions, there were various movements of a non-exhaustive list of material and cultural goods in every sense. The most important exception of the silk road and which needs more examination is that it has permitted the international export of arts and crafts and religion from the Confucian China and the Buddhist up to Muslim Arabia and the Christian Mediterranean basin, without clashes. It is a demonstration that through equitable commerce, international relations can improve without geopolitical or geostrategic staining, at the opposite of today’s international relations.
After having lasted, the Silk Road then died a natural death well-deserved. It began to be gradually abandoned after about eighteen centuries, because of security issues on the one hand and on the other hand because of the alternative economically more beneficial of the new sea route to the Indies. We can say that the boat has had the top on camels and horses, and this is also the kind of results that are expected of modernity. The lesson is that the ways of the economy can and must change, but not its spirit, which is to unite humanity around the property.
The Silk Road is a reference in term of the win-win model in international relations and cooperation. Obviously, the world is in torment because of the failure of the capitalist model that does not even count four centuries of existence, in the contrary of the Silk Road. And this is why sincere geopoliticians now suggest that the sustainable alternatives to globalization, is coming back to the strategy of the Silk Road with new perspectives.
II. Questioning of the concept of the Silk Road, and perspectives
The Silk Road was inspired by the “Road of jade ", which had previously connected the west of China to Burma. We will not dwell on the theory of cycles, but the truth of the things is that all these good examples have always been launched from China. May be it would be necessary to better observe the Chinese culture to see why these successes in the international relations.
Deep observations and analysis of the first Silk Road reveal that geopoliticians have manipulated facts, leading to a truncated history of the Silk Road. In fact, aside of the silk, many other products were objects of trade: precious stones, fabrics in wool, precious metals, and ivory, among others, and especially gold!
Talking of gold, it was one more time an essential good in the system of the Silk Road. Comparative history reveal that an African king by the name of Kankan Moussa made his pilgrimage to Mecca between 1324 and 1325, with so much gold that he controlled alone from the Kingdom of Mali directly, and for several years, the price of gold in all the Mediterranean basin. But for which reason this basin this is identified as the western end of the Silk Road when it did not and do not product gold?
The same compared history also report that Kankan Moussa and his people used also to wear silky clothes, which means the best quality as they were very reach. Obviously, the Chinese silk of better quality, was the one they requested more.
Last but not the least, compared history confirms the reality of the "caravan Routes" that connected the great empires of West Africa to Arabia during the time of the Silk Road. The reality is that it has existed in the past, a long trade route that stretched from Atlantic Africa to the Sea of China, the Middle East and the Mediterranean basin being the relay. In addition, it was not only silk that was traded along the route known as the Silk Road. Each point on that road has its importance because of its strengths and opportunities.
Present planners of "New Silk Road", must go beyond the exclusions of geopoliticians to actually design what they call “The New World Land-Bridge”. Its conceptualization by the Executive Intelligence Review is the perspective we also share. It suggests all continents integration through fair commerce between towns and countries linked by pipelines, railways, highways, tunnels, and communications, all of exceptional quality. This is the appropriation of a science and technology for a sustainable geopolitics. It means breaking of natural borders through a world filled with interconnected poles of economic development. That is also the dream of capitalists, libertarians, and globalists; and they failed because they do not realize that: first in the axis of creativity and innovation, and consumption, every part of the world is ready as much to receive as to give; second, they did not improve immaterial issues at all.
This is why our deep contribution from all the above observation and analysis is that: at the beginning of every project, there should be a huge research on how to manage cultural and intercultural issues. There lied the sustainability of the first Silk Road and there lies the sustainability of every human project.